Inside everyone’s eye is a lens. Just like with a camera, the lens of your eye helps you to focus on things whether they are nearby or far away. A cataract is a slow, progressive cloudingof the eye’s natural lens. It interferes with light passing through the eye to the retina. Cataracts are caused by a change in the proteins of the eye, which causes clouding or discoloration of the lens. Over time cataracts typically result in blurred or fuzzy vision and sensitivity to light.
People with progressed cataracts often describe the sensation as looking through a piece of wax paper. A cataract may make light from the sun or a lamp seems too bright, causing glare. Colors may not appear as bright as they once did; however, most cataracts develop so slowly that people usually don’t realize that their color vision has markedly deteriorated. Oncoming headlights may cause uncomfortable glare at night, making driving more difficult. As the cataract matures eventually even corrective lenses may not improve your sight. At that point removing the clouded lens is the only way to restore your sight. Advances in technology have improved cataract surgery to an out-patient procedure that takes a half-hour or less and allows you to return to normal activities within a few days.
Cataracts are a common occurrence with aging but can also occur as a consequence of birth abnormalities, environmental factors, accidents or injuries. Exposure to ultraviolet light can aid in the growth of a cataract.
When symptoms of a cataract begin to appear, you may be able to improve your vision for a while by using new glasses, strong bifocals, magnification, appropriate lighting or other visual aids. Once the formation of a cataract seriously impairs your vision and affects your daily lifestyle, good vision can be restored safely with outpatient cataract surgery. Today, with the development of no stitch/small incision cataract surgery, many patients are experiencing a faster recovery and return to good vision.
Cataract surgery is very successful in restoring vision. In fact, it is the most frequently performed surgery in the United States, with over 1.5 million cataract surgeries done each year. Nine out of ten people who have surgery regain good vision, somewhere between 20/20 and 20/40.
Although there is no way to prevent the development of cataracts, loss of sight can be prevented. With modern technology, cataracts can be removed and good vision restored. If you are experiencing the symptoms of cataracts or other vision problems we encourage you to contact our office and obtain a comprehensive eye examination.
Once you have selected your cataract surgeon it is time to understand what method of cataract surgery and lens implant options that are available to you. At Spectrum Eye Physicians your options will include Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery vs. Small Stitch method and monofocal, multifocal, and toric lens implants. Please take the time to review all the information provided on our website.
- LASER Assisted Cataract Surgery
- Lens Implant Choices
- Standard Cataract Surgery